Njoroge, W, Hernández, ACH, Musa, FI, Butler, R, Harper, AGS and Yang, Y (2021) The Combination of Tissue-Engineered Blood Vessel Constructs and Parallel Flow Chamber Provides a Potential Alternative to In Vivo Drug Testing Models. Pharmaceutics, 13 (3). ISSN 1999-4923

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Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death globally. This has led to significant efforts to develop new anti-thrombotic therapies or re-purpose existing drugs to treat cardiovascular diseases. Due to difficulties of obtaining healthy human blood vessel tissues to recreate in vivo conditions, pre-clinical testing of these drugs currently requires significant use of animal experimentation, however, the successful translation of drugs from animal tests to use in humans is poor. Developing humanised drug test models that better replicate the human vasculature will help to develop anti-thrombotic therapies more rapidly. Tissue-engineered human blood vessel (TEBV) models were fabricated with biomimetic matrix and cellular components. The pro- and anti-aggregatory properties of both intact and FeCl3-injured TEBVs were assessed under physiological flow conditions using a modified parallel-plate flow chamber. These were perfused with fluorescently labelled human platelets and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and their responses were monitored in real-time using fluorescent imaging. An endothelium-free TEBV exhibited the capacity to trigger platelet activation and aggregation in a shear stress-dependent manner, similar to the responses observed in vivo. Ketamine is commonly used as an anaesthetic in current in vivo models, but this drug significantly inhibited platelet aggregation on the injured TEBV. Atorvastatin was also shown to enhance EPC attachment on the injured TEBV. The TEBV, when perfused with human blood or blood components under physiological conditions, provides a powerful alternative to current in vivo drug testing models to assess their effects on thrombus formation and EPC recruitment.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via MDPI at http://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics13030340 - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: atorvastatin, cardiovascular disease, endothelial progenitor cells, ketamine, platelets, test tissue models
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2021 13:32
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 13:42
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9380

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