Navabi, M, Saremi, E, Javadi, A, Noori, M, van Loon, JT, Khosroshahi, HG, McDonald, I, Alizadeh, M, Danesh, A, Gozaliasl, G, Molaeinezhad, A, Parto, T and Raouf, M (2021) The Isaac Newton Telescope Monitoring Survey of Local Group Dwarf Galaxies. IV. The Star Formation History of Andromeda VII Derived from Long-period Variable Stars. Astrophysical Journal, 910 (2). 127 - 127. ISSN 0004-637X

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We have examined the star formation history (SFH) of Andromeda VII (And VII), the brightest and most massive dwarf spheroidal (dSph) satellite of the Andromeda galaxy (M31). Although M31 is surrounded by several dSph companions with old stellar populations and low metallicity, it has a metal-rich stellar halo with an age of 6-8 Gyr. This indicates that any evolutionary association between the stellar halo of M31 and its dSph system is frail. Therefore, the question is whether And VII (a high-metallicity dSph located similar to 220 kpc from M31) can be associated with M31's young, metal-rich halo. Here we perform the first reconstruction of the SFH of And VII employing long-period variable (LPV) stars. As the most evolved asymptotic giant branch and red supergiant stars, the birth mass of LPVs can be determined by connecting their near-infrared photometry to theoretical evolutionary tracks. We found 55 LPV candidates within two half-light radii, using multiepoch imaging with the Isaac Newton Telescope in the i and V bands. Based on their birth mass function, the star formation rate (SFR) of And VII was obtained as a function of cosmic time. The main epoch of star formation occurred similar or equal to 6.2 Gyr ago with an SFR of 0.006 +/- 0.002 M-circle dot yr(-1). Over the past 6 Gyr, we find slow star formation, which continued until 500 Myr ago with an SFR similar to 0.0005 +/- 0.0002 M-circle dot yr(-1). We determined And VII's stellar mass M= (13.3 +/- 5.3) x 10(6) M-circle dot within a half-light radius r(1/2) = 3.'8 +/- 0.'3 and metallicity Z = 0.0007, and we also derived its distance modulus of mu = 24.38 mag.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via IOP at - please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dwarf spheroidal galaxies; Star formation
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2021 14:29
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 14:52

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