Lever, RA, Hussain, A, Sun, BB, Sage, SO and Harper, AGS (2015) Conventional Protein Kinase C isoforms differentially regulate ADP- and thrombin-evoked Ca2+ signalling in human platelets. Cell Calcium, 58 (6). pp. 577-588. ISSN 1532-1991

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Rises in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) are central in platelet activation, yet many aspects of the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Most studies examine how experimental manipulations affect agonist-evoked rises in [Ca2+]cyt, but these only monitor the net effect of manipulations on the processes controlling [Ca2+]cyt (Ca2+ buffering, sequestration, release, entry and removal), and cannot resolve the source of the Ca2+ or the transporters or channels affected. To investigate the effects of protein kinase C (PKC) on platelet Ca2+ signalling, we here monitor Ca2+ flux around the platelet by measuring net Ca2+ fluxes to or from the extracellular space and the intracellular Ca2+ stores, which act as the major sources and sinks for Ca2+ influx into and efflux from the cytosol, as well as monitoring the cytosolic Na+ concentration ([Na+]cyt), which influences platelet Ca2+ fluxes via Na+/Ca2+ exchange. The intracellular store Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]st) was monitored using Fluo-5N, the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]ext) was monitored using Fluo-4 whilst [Ca2+]cyt and [Na+]cyt were monitored using Fura-2 and SFBI, respectively. PKC inhibition using Ro-31-8220 or bisindolylmaleimide I potentiated ADP- and thrombin-evoked rises in [Ca2+]cyt in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. PKC inhibition potentiated ADP-evoked but reduced thrombin-evoked intracellular Ca2+ release and Ca2+ removal into the extracellular medium. SERCA inhibition using thapsigargin and 2,5-di(tert-butyl) l,4-benzohydroquinone abolished the effect of PKC inhibitors on ADP-evoked changes in [Ca2+]cyt but only reduced the effect on thrombin-evoked responses. Thrombin evokes substantial rises in [Na+]cyt which would be expected to reduce Ca2+ removal via the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX). Thrombin-evoked rises in [Na+]cyt were potentiated by PKC inhibition, an effect which was not due to altered changes in non-selective cation permeability of the plasma membrane as assessed by Mn2+ quench of Fura-2 fluorescence. PKC inhibition was without effect on thrombin-evoked rises in [Ca2+]cyt following SERCA inhibition and either removal of extracellular Na+ or inhibition of Na+/K+-ATPase activity by removal of extracellular K+ or treatment with digoxin. These data suggest that PKC limits ADP-evoked rises in [Ca2+]cyt by acceleration of SERCA activity, whilst rises in [Ca2+]cyt evoked by the stronger platelet activator thrombin are limited by PKC through acceleration of both SERCA and Na+/K+-ATPase activity, with the latter limiting the effect of thrombin on rises in [Na+]cyt and so forward mode NCX activity. The use of selective PKC inhibitors indicated that conventional and not novel PKC isoforms are responsible for the inhibition of agonist-evoked Ca2+ signalling.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceca.2015.09.005 Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Platelet, Protein kinase C, Calcium, Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase, Na+/K+-ATPase
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Institute for Science and Technology in Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2015 10:31
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2018 09:29
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/948

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