Borkovits, T, Rappaport, SA, Maxted, PFL, Terentev, I, Omohundro, M, Gagliano, R, Jacobs, T, Kristiansen, MH, LaCourse, D, Schwengeler, HM, Vanderburg, A and Blackford, MG (2021) BG Ind: the nearest doubly eclipsing, compact hierarchical quadruple system. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 503 (3). 3759 - 3774. ISSN 0035-8711

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BG Ind is a well-studied, bright, nearby binary consisting of a pair of F stars in a 1.46-d orbit. We have discovered in the TESS light curve for TIC 229804573 (aka BG Ind), a second eclipsing binary in the system with a 0.53-d period. Our subsequent analyses of the recent TESS and archival ground-based photometric and radial velocity (RV) data reveal that the two binaries are gravitationally bound in a 721-d period, moderately eccentric orbit. We present the results of a joint spectro-photodynamical analysis of the eclipse timing variation curves of both binaries based on TESS and ground-based archival data, the TESS light curve, archival RV data, and the spectral energy distribution, coupled with the use of PARSEC stellar isochrones. We confirm prior studies of BG Ind that found that the brighter binary A consists of slightly evolved F-type stars with refined masses of 1.32 and 1.43 M-circle dot, and radii of 1.59 and 2.34 R-circle dot. The previously unknown binary B has two less massive stars of 0.69 and 0.64 M-circle dot and radii of 0.64 and 0.61 R-circle dot. Based on a number of different arguments that we discuss, we conclude that the three orbital planes are likely aligned to within 17 degrees.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (
Uncontrolled Keywords: binaries: eclipsing; closestars: individual: BGInd
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB799 Stars
Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2021 10:24
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2021 14:23

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