Yu, D, Wang, Z, Zhang, X, Qu, B, Cai, Y, Ma, S, Zhao, Z and Simmons, D (2021) Remnant cholesterol and cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes and incident diabetic nephropathy. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 106 (12). pp. 3546-3553. ISSN 0021-972X

[thumbnail of remanant paper REV2 clean copy final with figures.docx] Text
remanant paper REV2 clean copy final with figures.docx - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (5MB)


The association between remnant cholesterol (remnant-C) and cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and incident diabetic nephropathy remains unclear.

To examinie the association between remnant-C and cardiovascular mortality in patients with T2D, chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 to 5, and newly diagnosed DN.

This study determined the baseline lipid profile and searched for deaths with cardiovascular disease (CVD) within 2 years of baseline among 2282 adults enrolled between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016, who had T2D, CKD stages 3 to 5, and newly diagnosed DN. Adjusted logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between lipid, especially remnant-C concentration (either as continuous or categorical variables), and risk of cardiovascular mortality.

In multivariable-adjusted analyses, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (odds ratio [OR], 1.022; 95% CI, 1.017-1.026, per 10 mg/dL), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (OR, 0.929; 95% CI, 0.922-0.936, per 5 mg/dL), non–HDL-C (OR, 1.024; 95% CI, 1.021-1.028, per 10 mg/dL), and remnant-C (OR, 1.115; 95% CI, 1.103-1.127, per 10 mg/dL), but not triglycerides were associated with cardiovascular mortality. Atherogenic dyslipidemia (triglycerides > 150 mg/dL [1.69 mmol/L] and HDL-C < 40 mg/dL in men or < 50 mg/dL in women) was also associated with cardiovascular mortality (OR, 1.073; 95% CI, 1.031-1.116). Remnant-C greater than or equal to 30 mg/dL differentiated patients at a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality from those with lower concentrations, especially with interaction with LDL-C level greater than 100 mg/dL: The highest risk was found in patients with higher levels both of remnant-C and LDL-C (OR, 1.696; 95% CI, 1.613-1.783).

In patients with T2D, CKD stages 3 to 5, and incident DN, remnant-C was associated with a higher risk of death with CVD. Different from the general population, the interaction of remnant-C and LDL-C was associated with the highest risk of cardiovascular mortality.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final version of this accepted manuscript is available from the publishers at https://academic.oup.com/jcem/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1210/clinem/dgab533/6325383?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Uncontrolled Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, Diabetic nephropathy, Cardiovascular diseases, Mortality, Lipids, Remnant cholesterol
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2021 09:39
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2022 01:30
URI: https://eprints.keele.ac.uk/id/eprint/9877

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item