Palmer, D, Cooper, DJ, Emery, C, Batt, ME, Engebretsen, L, Scammell, BE, Schamasch, P, Shroff, M, Soligard, T, Steffen, K, Whittaker, JL and Budgett, R (2020) Self-reported sports injuries and later-life health status in 3357 retired Olympians from 131 countries: a cross-sectional survey among those competing in the games between London 1948 and PyeongChang 2018. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55 (1). 46 - 53. ISSN 0306-3674

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CLEANED COPY FINAL A cross-sectional epidemiological study of Olympic-career sports injuries in 3,357 Olympians_amended 270420.docx - Accepted Version

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<jats:sec><jats:title>Objective</jats:title><jats:p>Describe the self-reported prevalence and nature of Olympic-career injury and general health and current residual symptoms in a self-selected sample of retired Olympians.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Methods</jats:title><jats:p>3357 retired Olympians from 131 countries completed a cross-sectional online survey, distributed by direct email through World Olympians Association and National Olympian Associations databases. The survey captured Olympic sport exposure, significant training and competition injury history (lasting <jats:underline>&gt;</jats:underline>1 month), general health (eg, depression) during the athlete’s career, and current musculoskeletal pain and functional limitations.</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Results</jats:title><jats:p>55% were men (44% women, 1% unknown), representing 57 sports (42 Summer, 15 Winter), aged 44.7 years (range 16–97). A total of 3746 injuries were self-reported by 2116 Olympians. This equated, 63.0% (women 68.1%, men 59.2%) reporting at least one significant injury during their Olympic career. Injury prevalence was highest in handball (82.2%) and lowest in shooting (40.0%) for Summer Olympians; and highest in alpine skiing (82.4%) and lowest in biathlon (40.0%) for Winter Olympians. The knee was the most frequently injured anatomical region (20.6%, 120 median days severity), followed by the lumbar spine (13.1%, 100 days) and shoulder/clavicle (12.9%, 92 days). 6.6% of Olympians said they had experienced depression during their career. One-third of retired Olympians reported current pain (32.4%) and functional limitations (35.9%).</jats:p></jats:sec><jats:sec><jats:title>Conclusions</jats:title><jats:p>Almost two-thirds of Olympians who completed the survey reported at least one Olympic-career significant injury. The knee, lumbar spine and shoulder/clavicle were the most commonly injured anatomical locations. One-third of this sample of Olympians attributed current pain and functional limitations to Olympic-career injury.</jats:p></jats:sec>

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R735 Medical education. Medical schools. Research
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Allied Health Professions
Depositing User: Symplectic
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2021 11:53
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2021 11:53

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